Spearfishing: Everything You Need to Get Started

Spearfishing is a traditional method of fishing, which is widely used over the world. It’s considered to be one of the preferred and sustainable methods of acquiring fresh and healthy seafood because it does not require weapons or dangerous equipment that may cause water pollution. It’s also a great way to have fun. can be quite a bit of fun!

Before you start fishing or searching for a sizeable snapper or bass, you’ll need to ensure you have the freediving gear you need for the catch. It can be beneficial to speak with other experts on recommended equipment that you can use for specific locations because the equipment that you’ll need in the Caribbean may not work for locations for spearfishing in New Zealand or San Diego.

However, to give you an idea of what’s required and how to get started, here are the main tools and equipment you’ll need to ensure a safe and enjoyable spearfishing experience.

Basic Spearfishing Gear

Every professional spearfisher or “spearo” would know that getting the best gear for spearfishing is crucial to ensure your safety and success. Below, you’ll find the best basic equipment will be needed to start your journey into spearfishing. Also, you can find recommended brands that are well known and highly suggested to other spearos.

Fishing License

Although technically not part of the fishing equipment you own, you may have to get a valid sports fishing license prior to hitting the water with your fishing equipment. In the majority of states, you could be fined for fishing without a license and even be sent to prison to hunt (and kill) protected species.

It is a good idea to want to check with the local authorities, lifeguards fishing supply and dive shops, as well as other experienced spearos prior to doing anything.

Weapon of Choice

Now on to your primary tool for spearfishing: Hawaiian slings, pole spears, or a rifle. Hawaiian pole spears and slings will require within the reach of the animal, however, they differ in that the sling’s band is likely to remain in your hand, while the pole spear can leave your hands completely when you utilize it to spear a fish. Spearguns differ based on the model. Some are manually launched using either a sling or band, and others run on gas or air (pneumatic).

If you decide to opt for a speargun you’ll have to think about the visibility of the water as well as what size the fish that you’ll be hunting prior to choosing which one to purchase. Low-visibility areas would require you to go closer and thus shorter spearguns are more appropriate. As long as you’re not fishing for a bigger fish, there’s no need for thick long shafts or air-driven spearguns. In most instances, when you might only require a medium-sized, multiple-band speargun that has the extra reach and a longer reach, you can do it using roller guns.

Spearfishing Wetsuits and Rash Guards

One of the most essential things you’ll require prior to spearfishing or diving, in general, is a wetsuit. There are several types and styles of wetsuits to pick from, based on the temperature of the water and your underwater activities.

For spearfishing, you’ll need to think about the suit’s thickness, especially in warmer regions. It’s best to opt for a suit that’s less than 1.5mm at the most, except for deep dives in colder waters. If you’re not likely to do deep dives or be in the water for long durations of time, then you may be able to do so by wearing a rash guard.